|Fungi. photo by drugtargetreview|
The most common viruses that attack microorganisms are bacteriophages, although it doesn’t mean they attack every other cell, in fact, they simply do not attack the fungi. Let me explain based on the word “bacteriophage.” It is derived from two words, “bacteria” and “phagein” (the Greek word meaning “to eat”), this implies that these particles eat on bacteria and not any other organisms (viruses are specific, although the phenomenon of viral jumping is there, not a single incidence has been recorded on phages). Instead, other entities like fungi have got their “phages” that attack and destroy their cells; in the case of fungi, they are called mycoviruses (mycophages).
What are mycoviruses?
Can mycoviruses be used to treat fungal infections?
Do we really need an alternative to antifungal drugs?
Other possible applications of mycoviruses
- Cyanophages/phycophages are particularly useful in controlling blooms produced by various genera of algae and cyanobacteria.
- Some scientists have tried to use mycoviruses to stop food spoilage, especially in cereals.
- They are widely used in studying viral expression within the host cell
- Decontaminating surfaces
Differences between Bacteriophages and Mycophages (mycoviruses)
|They infect bacteria||They infect Fungus|
|They are both lysogenic and lytic||They are lysogenic|
|They involve attachment as the mode of initiating infection||They majorly depend on host cell division and reproduction mode|
|It May have RNA or DNA, single or double-stranded||Most fungal viruses belong to double-stranded RNA viruses; 30% belong to positive-strand RNA viruses and Negative-strand RNA viruses.|
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